Humayun’s Tomb – A Fascinating Monument
An excellent example of Mughal Architecture in India, Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi, was built in 16th century and is visited by millions of national and international tourists every year. The monument has tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun and beautifully encapsulates age old charm and beauty.
Built on the orders of Hamida Banu Begum, Humayun’s Tomb has a similar architecture as Taj Mahal. But contrary to popular belief, Humayun’s Tomb was not built by Humayun but rather by his wife Hamida Banu Begum, as a gesture of affection for her husband. Where the story of Taj Mahal is known to the world at large, the story behind Humayun’s Tomb still remains a mystery for many.
There are loads of interesting facts about Humayun’s Tomb that will intrigue you to the core. Read through the end of the article to find Humayun’s Tomb most interesting facts.
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8 Humayun’s Tomb Interesting Facts
1. Humayun’s Tomb Houses 100 Tombs inside the Complex
Humayun’s Tomb, also known as the “Dormitory of the Mughal”, houses not one or two but 100 tombs inside the single complex. The Humayun’s Tomb graves are not scripted anywhere so it’s difficult to ascertain the names of people engraved in it.
The grave of Mughal Emperor Humayun is located inside the central mortuary room of the tomb and is surrounded by adjacent rooms that accommodate the tombs of two of his wives and the later Mughals.
2. Humayun’s Tomb is the First Ever Garden Tomb Built in India
The exterior view of the Humayun’s Tomb is breathtaking as it’s the first garden tomb built in India. Built by the Persian, its scenic beauty can leave people mesmerized to keep visiting one of the major tourist attractions in Delhi, India. Another interesting fact about Humayun’s Tomb is that it is the first ever tomb to deploy Persian double tomb in its construction.
3. Made by a Wife for her Husband
Defying the popular principle, Humayun’s Tomb was actually built by a wife, Hamida Banu Begum, for her husband, Mughal Emperor Humayun. This was built by her in the fond memory of her loving husband after his demise. After Emperor Humayun’s death, she called the Persian architects and told them to create something so fabulous that the world remembers it for ages to come. Humayun’s son Akbar took this responsibility upon his shoulders and got the tomb built as a token of remembrance to Humayun by his wife and son.
4. Humayun’s Tomb Interiors
A reflection of the architectural excellence of the Mughals, the Humayun’s Tomb interiors are made with rich and elegant carpets and shamiana which imparts the monument a grand and royal look. The cenotaph inside the monument has a small tent made on its top that carefully houses and protects Humayun’s sword, shoes, and turban as a token of his memory. Interestingly, Humayun’s Tomb went on to introduce the concept of four-quartered garden in Mughal architecture.
5. Humayun’s Tomb Dome Height
The dome lying on top of the Humayun’s Tomb stands tall at 42.5 metres and can be accessed through stairs. The stairs have been constructed to separate the two platforms originating from the opening of the monument. The design and architecture of Humayun’s Tomb is something not-to-be-missed for sure as its platforms are intertwined on top of the other that makes them delicate yet admirable.
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6. Humayun’s Tomb was Completed in 8 Years
Humayun’s Tomb was completed in approximately 8 years and the amount spent in its construction was around 1.5 million rupees. Designed by a Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, the tomb is built on the concept of eight-side chambers that symbolize the Islamic paradise concept. Soon after its construction, it garnered the status of a landmark monument in the expansion of Mughal architecture.
7. Humayun’s Tomb was the Inspiration Behind Taj Mahal
Contrary to popular belief, Humayun’s Tomb was the source of inspiration behind the conception of Taj Mahal. As Humayun’s Tomb was built by Hamida Begum is memory of her husband after his demise, Mughal Emperor Shahjahan got inspired to make something grand and monumental after his wife, Mumtaz Mahal’s demise. Taj Mahal was built nearly a century later and draws major inspiration in design and architecture from Humayun’s Tomb.
8. Declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site
Humayun’s Tomb was declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1993 and the efforts to maintain it as a popular tourist site have been on full swing always. The people from UNESCO are trying to maintain the beauty of its surroundings intact to keep its title of one of the most popular heritage and cultural sites in India.
Humayun’s Tomb, an iconic tourist attraction in Delhi is located near Nizamuddin, not very far from India Gate, yet another popular tourist spot in Delhi. If you’re looking for a visit to the popular heritage sites of India, missing out on Humayun’s Tomb is something you wouldn’t want to regret.
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